Interactive Notebooks, Writing

Writing Mini Lesson #34- Usage

Are you looking for ways to help your students with USAGE in their sentence writing? This post was designed to give you ideas when teaching a lesson  When using the acronym CUPS (Capitalization, Usage, Punctuation, Spelling) for editing, this post will focus on the U for USAGE. It will cover subject-verb agreement, double negatives, complete sentences, run-on sentences, verb forms, and verb tense.

 

 

Follow the steps below when teaching USAGE in an upper elementary classroom.

 

1. TEACH

First, review the following rules:  Common Core Standards:  L.4.1.b,  L.4.1.f
 
1.  Subject-Verb Agreement–  Singular subjects need singular verbs, and plural subjects need plural verbs.
     A.  Singular Verbs- is, was, has, had   (Ex.  The bee is buzzing.)
 
     B.  Plural Verbs-  are, were, have, had  (Ex.  The bees are buzzing.)
 
2.  Double Negatives–  Do not use two or more words that mean “no” in the same sentence.
     No words-  no, not, never, nothing, no where, no one, nobody
 
3.  Complete Sentences–  Sentences need a subject and predicate.
 
     A.  Subject-  Tells whom or what-  (Ex.  My mom)
 
     B.  Predicate- What the subject does (helps me)
 
     C.  Fragment-  Missing a subject or predicate- (The pictures in the book.)
 
     D.  Complete-  (The pictures in the book are colorful.)
 
4.  Run-On Sentences–  Two complete sentences that run together.  (Tristan plays soccer they won the game.)  To correct:
 
     A.  Two Sentences:  Tristan plays soccer.  They won the game.
 
     B.  Compound Sentences:  Tristan plays soccer, and they won the game.
 
5.  Verb Forms and Tenses

 

 

2. MODEL

Model these skills in the class rough draft. If you don’t own the interactive writing notebook bundle for your grade level, take the rough draft of your class story and make usage mistakes throughout. If you own the notebook, this is already done for you. Make sure to cover all of the rules above. Then display it and show students how to correct each area. Talk out loud while you are editing for usage so students can hear your thinking process.

 

3. TAKE NOTES

For this step, give students mini anchor charts with the information to put in their notebook or provide a student resource with the rules for usage.

 

 

4. PRACTICE

Give students practice with each area above. The more practice they have with editing for usage, the better proofreaders they will become.

 

5. APPLY

Students should now apply these rules to their own rough drafts. Ask students to scour through their rough drafts looking for these errors. Remember they are detectives! Encourage this step and make it fun! Give them magnifying glasses!

 

6. SHARE

Have students share where they found mistakes in their own writing. This works well in partners and small groups.

 

 

Don’t forget to continue the writing workshop series! There are more on editing with CUPS.

 

LAST LESSON: WRITING MINI LESSON #33 CUPS FOR EDITING- CAPITALIZATION

 

NEXT LESSON: WRITING MINI LESSON #35 CUPS FOR EDITING- PUNCTUATION

 

CLICK HERE TO START THE FIRST LESSON IN WRITER’S WORKSHOP 

 

This lesson is also included in the STEP-BY-STEP Interactive Writing Notebooks with mini lessons for paragraph, narrative, opinion, and informative writing designed to scaffold through the writing process.  It includes anchor charts for teaching, interactive notebook pages for taking notes, modeled stories, mentor text, practice sheets, tracking forms, goal forms, prompts, and so much more!  Click on the pic below to find out how to motivate students and boost test scores with this STEP-BY-STEP year-long writing program!

 

“My grade level used this last year and our state assessment scores improved greatly in writing!!!  Other grades are using your units!  I am soooo excited to see what the kiddos remember from year to year since it spirals.  It’s helped them TONS and with our population, we always struggle to find successful resources.  We love them!!!” – Megan

 

ROCK ‘N’ WRITE!!!!

 

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