Do your students need help finishing a paragraph?  This post will not only show you how to teach CLOSING SENTENCES, it will also show you ways to help your students be creative with their closing sentences by writing CLINCHERS.  These ideas are ideal for any writing curriculum and are a part of a series of mini lessons for writer’s workshop designed for scaffolding through the writing process. This lesson is for ending a paragraph, not a concluding sentence to an essay.  That will come later in the writing mini lesson series!

MINI LESSON #7:  CLOSING SENTENCES

1. Teach

A closing sentence is the concluding sentence. Close the door to the paragraph!

  • It summarizes the main ideas or feeling of a paragraph.
  • It is not a relevant detail in the paragraph.
  • Use a “clincher” to be creative with the closing sentence!  (question, humor, excitement, or a future thought)

For example:

Paragraph:  Summer weather lets me play outside.  I have fun under the sprinkler with my brother.  We run through the water and scream each time!  It is refreshing to swim in the lake too.  At night, I play hide and seek with my friends.  I usually hide behind a big bush.  I love when the weather is warm!

 
Other examples of clinchers for the same paragraph:
 
Question:  Do you like to play outside in the warm weather?
 
Humor:  Warm weather is like hitting the lottery!
 
Excitement:  I love it when the weather is warm!
 
Future:  I can’t wait for the next warm day!

2. Take Notes

When students take notes and show examples, it will provide them with a reference when writing paragraphs in the future. 

  

3. Apply

Use the HAMBURGER MODEL to put ideas together from the lessons: Topic sentence, relevant details, and closing sentences.  Then write the paragraph out and highlight the closing sentence or clincher.  Then have students share with their shoulder partner, group, or whole class.  

4. Go Deeper

This is a great opportunity for teaching or differentiating with clinchers. 

5. Practice

Students should practice this skill.  First identify the closing sentence, then writing a closing sentence and writing clinchers.  Task cards are an effective tool to use during center time.  You are welcome to use the examples below when creating materials for your own class.

6. Assessment and Tracking

Assess and track some of the students’ work for future small instructional groups and review!

 

CONTINUE WITH PARAGRAPH WRITING:   MINI LESSON #8 CREATING A TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

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LAST MINI LESSON: MINI LESSON #6- RELEVANT DETAILS

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ROCK ‘N’ WRITE!!!!!