This post will give teachers and homeschool parents ideas to help students understand the task at hand, the purpose for students’ writing, and the audience who will be reading their stories (task, purpose, audience). These ideas are ideal for any writing curriculum and are a part of a series of mini lessons for writer’s workshop designed for scaffolding through the writing process.

Many grade level standards include students identifying the task, purpose and audience for their writing.  For example Common Core Standard W.4.4 states “We can produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.”

So how do you teach students to establish these skills for their writing?


What are you asked to write?  (Make sure to read all the task expectations.)


What is the reason for your writing?  (Ex.  narrate?  persuade?  debate or express opinion? provide information? entertain? describe?)


Who is the intended audience?  Do you need a formal voice or casual voice or combination of the two?  (peers, family, school administrators, businesses)



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This lesson is also included in the STEP-BY-STEP WRITING® Programwith mini-lessons designed to scaffold through the writing process. Writing units included are sentence structure, paragraph writing, narrative writing, opinion writing, and informative writing. See what is included in the image below and click on it to learn more about them! You will turn your reluctant writers into ROCKSTAR WRITERS™! 

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